People frequently write or talk about the physiological differences between muscle fibers (fast twitch vs. slow twitch, oxidative capacity, etc.), but this information is generally not very useful to the typical health and fitness enthusiast. Some understanding of how your muscles work is certainly important, but most people don’t need to know all the in-depth physiology. apartment movers in abu dhabi Instead, I believe that understanding the basic functional differences between muscles provides more practical information than you would get by learning a lot of the muscle physiology.
When looking at the functional differences between muscles you can certainly go into great depth and examine how all the various muscles function at every single joint, but in the end, muscles generally fall into two different functional categories: prime movers and stabilizers. Prime movers are the muscles that actively create movement, while stabilizers provide balance and support to your body.
Prime movers are typically the larger muscles in your body and include muscle groups such as your quads and hamstrings (upper thigh), pecs (chest), lats (back), biceps and triceps (arms), etc. They connect to your bones (by tendons) and create movement around a joint. For example, your bicep connects your upper arm to your lower arm (forearm), crossing the elbow joint, and when the bicep contracts it brings your forearm closer to your upper arm. Since the bicep contraction creates this movement, it is considered a prime mover.
Stabilizers, as their name implies, have more to do with stabilizing your body than actually creating movement. Stabilizers are smaller muscles and in many cases they are not really even visible, because they are either so small or deep under your surface muscles. These muscles help to keep your bones, joints, and muscles correctly aligned both during movement and while you are stationary.
Stabilizer muscles are also essential for maintaining good posture throughout your life. For example, the stabilizer muscles in your mid and upper back, work to keep your shoulders back and in line with the rest of your body. If those muscles become too weak or your chest and front shoulder muscles become proportionally too strong or tight, your shoulders will begin to round forward. If the stabilizer muscles are not strengthened to the point where they can reverse this change, then the shoulder rounding will progress and your posture will become worse over time, leading to additional problems.
Prime movers and stabilizers both play valuable roles in your body and any well-rounded training program will include exercises or workouts to improve both types of muscles. office movers in sharjah It is also important to note that since prime movers and stabilizers have different functions and muscular demands, they should be trained differently. Unfortunately, a lot of people try to train stabilizers as if they are prime movers and possibly an ever greater number of people don’t realize stabilizers need to be trained at all.
Really this is not surprising, because most people in the fitness industry and the media still focus on using exercise to improve how your body looks and rarely spend time explaining how training can improve the way your body functions. It is a common assumption that training will always improve the way your body functions, but this is only partially true. A well-balanced program will improve how your body functions, but many programs are imbalanced or ignore important aspects that actually lead to physical dysfunction.